The way forward for a better audiovisual media content rating
- BIK Team
In the current context of audiovisual media services crossing TV borders to the digital atmosphere, the European Parliament proved to be one of the best-placed stakeholders to hold constructive discussions on the EU legislative actions. On 10 October 2017, iCmedia held an informative event on "The way forward for a better audiovisual media content rating" at the European Parliament in Brussels, bringing together a number of key stakeholders currently working on Audiovisual Media Services dossiers at European or international level.
MEP Jana Žitňanská opened the discussion, highlighting the importance of this topic in the current audiovisual media EU context. She emphasised the diversity in the EU concerning content rating based on age groups, giving examples of linear versus non-linear services and approaches. MEP Jana Žitňanská proposed amendments on this matter (and more broadly on the protection of minors from harmful content) for the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD).
Jose Luis Colas (iCmedia President) and Begoña Morales Blanco-Steger (iCmedia) introduced the latest iCmedia projects, building on a debate in Spain around content and information given to the audience versus the reputation of the advertisers. iCmedia has been keen on providing audiovisual guidelines that would support consumers (both minors and adults) in their conscious choices for linear and non-linear services.
Lubos Kuklis (ERGA) commented upon ERGA's activity on the protection of minors (which is at the core of their activity) reminding participants also of the Report on protection of minors in a converged environment, explaining how this should evolve in the future EU legislative framework.
Tiffany Van Stormbroek (NICAM) presented Kijkwizer, an easy and reliable system used in The Netherlands (co-regulation), and adopted also in Turkey, Iceland and Slovenia. The principle behind it is to harmonise the system for user-generated content, to present information for viewers before watching (through a questionnaire for the uploader).
Renate Dorr (ZDF) gave the broadcaster perspective, looking at how to protect children from harmful content while at the same time empowering them to be able to also decide for themselves. In Germany, linear and nonlinear services have technical and watershed measures for an age system of 6, 12, 16, and 18.
Complementing this discussion with an international perspective, iCmedia provided an example of their collaboration with Common Sense Media (Unites States) through a video explaining the audiovisual rating system used at Common Sense Media. Common Sense Media has reviewed almost 13,000 movies, games and TV shows, working with fundamental child protection principles.
Paloma Cantero (iCmedia) provided some closing remarks, adding that an informed citizen is an empowered citizen, and emphasising that the current AVMSD regulatory discussion can provide the context to reach this empowerment also for minors.
Aware of the importance of audiovisual media services and their role in helping to create a better internet for children and young people, here on the Better Internet for Kids (BIK) portal we've been regularly depicting the regulatory evolution of these discussions:
- Protecting children online in the new Audiovisual Media Services Directive proposal summarises one of the first steps in this reform put forward by the European Commission in 2016.
- Protecting children from harmful online content refers to how the CULT Committee of the European Parliament called for children's protection online in the latest Audiovisual Media Service Directive (AVMSD) reform, voting on an updated proposal on 25 April 2017.
In line with this, various Safer Internet Centres (SICs) from the Insafe network have been promoting resources that aim to develop better media understanding and literacy, specifically on audiovisual content. Examples include:
- Finnish Safer Internet Centre – Eight Questions About Children's Media Use.
- Icelandic Safer Internet Centre – Children and media.
- Latvian Safer Internet Centre – Activity book: World in a net.
- Norwegian Safer Internet Centre - Children and Media 2016 – A summary of a national Norwegian survey amongst children 9 to 16 years old, and parents of children between 1 and 16 years of age.
For more information on iCmedia resources and press communications, please see the iCmedia website.
For more information on resources from the Insafe network of Safer Internet Centres, please see the resource and video galleries on the Better Internet for Kids (BIK) portal.
- BIK Team
"The media landscape has shifted dramatically in less than a decade. Instead of sitting in front of the family TV, millions of Europeans, especially young people, watch content online, on demand and on different mobile devices. Global internet video share in consumer internet traffic is expected to increase from 64 per cent in 2014 to 80 per cent by 2019", informed the European Commission in a press release issued on 26 April 2018.
- BIK team
In the view of fast-paced developments in the audiovisual environment where children, parents and carers have to multitask and adapt in the engaging Internet of Things (IoT) age, the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) from 2010 has been reviewed by the European Commission in recent months, seeking more appropriate and up-to-date legislation.
- BIK team
In a converging media world where children and young people have increasing access to digital devices – from videos on demand to connected TVs – media literacy has grown to be an intrinsic requirement for all audiovisual media users.