Police across Europe issue warning about the online coercion and extortion of children
Often referred to as "sextortion" or "webcam blackmailing", the online coercion and extortion of children – a form of digital blackmail where sexual information or images are used to extort sexual material, sexual favours or money, has skyrocketed in the past years, but remains largely underreported.
How the crime works
In a report released today by Europol, it is revealed that victims as young as seven years old are being targeted online.
When targeting a minor, offenders have two main motivations:
- A sexual interest in children, where the objective of the extortive exchange is the procurement of sexual material (photos and/or videos depicting the child) or a sexual encounter offline;
- An economic interest, where the objective is to gain financially from the extortion.
Based upon information collected by the US National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children's CyberTipline, Europol's report reveals that female child victims are being blackmailed more significantly for sexually explicit material (84 per cent) compared to their male counterparts (53 per cent). The latter are more so targeted for financial gain (32 per cent compared to 2 per cent for female child victims), a relatively new trend in the field of online child sexual abuse. Another such trend is the perpetrator's demand for the targeted child to include other children, such as siblings or peers, in the images/videos. In such cases, even those children who use safe practices in the online environment or younger children who may not use the internet yet can be targeted this way.
The personal and psychological toll on the victims of this crime is not to be underestimated: a number of children have reportedly committed suicide in the last few years after falling victim to this crime. Many acts of online coercion and extortion of children go unreported as a result of the embarrassment regarding the material provided to the perpetrator or lack of awareness by victims that they have been subject to a criminal offense.
#SayNo awareness-raising campaign
In response to this worrying phenomenon, the European law enforcement community has joined forces with partners from the private sector to launch a campaign, #SayNO, supported by Europol, to give advice to those who have been, or are likely to be targeted, and to strengthen reporting and support mechanisms.
The campaign includes a short film, available in all EU languages, which helps people to recognise a potential sextortion approach, provides online advice and highlights the importance of reporting the crime to the competent national authorities.
Steven Wilson, Head of Europol's European Cybercrime Centre, said: "Children are increasingly using the online environment to communicate and form relationships and this should be considered as a natural part of their development. However, it is our collective responsibility to educate them on the threats they may experience and also protect them to make the online environment as safe as possible. Where something untoward happens online we should provide clear and effective reporting and support mechanisms so they understand where to turn to for assistance."
Are you a victim? Get help. Report it. We are here.
Europol's message to those who are targeted is "don't pay and don't feel embarrassed to report it to the police". If someone threatens you with sharing sexual photos or videos of you unless you send them more or pay them money, follow these steps:
- Don't share more, don't pay anything.
- Look for help. You are not alone.
- Preserve evidence. Don't delete anything.
- Stop the communication. Block the person.
- Report it to the police.
For more advice on how to react if you, your child or someone that trusts you is potentially a victim of online sexual coercion and extortion, please visit Europol's dedicated webpage.
This article was originally published as a Europol press release, and is republished here with permission. For further information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
In addition to the sources of information outlined above, the Insafe network of Safer Internet Centres in Europe provides support to children and young people, and parents, carers and educators, on a range of online issues, including helpline services in all countries. You can also find a range of educational resources to support teaching and learning on online safety issues in the Better Internet for Kids (BIK) resource gallery.
On 6 October 2017, a group of 150 experts from various disciplines and organisations around the world presented "The Declaration of Rome" to Pope Francis at the Vatican, pledging to protect children and young people in the digital age. Here, Jacqueline Beauchere, Microsoft Chief Online Safety Officer, shares her experiences from the event.
The release of new reports and campaigns this month demonstrate the safety work that still must be done as the numbers of reported digital crimes continues to rise, especially in the areas of online grooming and blackmail. A report produced by Europol, Online sexual coercion and extortion as a form of crime affecting children: Law enforcement perspective, outlined criminal behaviour and the motives behind it. According to analysis by INHOPE member NCMEC (the US-based National Center for Missing & Exploited Children), the primary motive of blackmail based on photos is to receive more, increasingly explicit photos (78 per cent), as opposed to obtaining money or goods from the child (7 per cent). In response to this new phenomenon of coercive crimes, Europol has created the #SayNO campaign, a series of videos depicting teens experiencing online extortion, with messages of help and information on how and where to find victims' resources.
As of 18 January 2016, Mr Steven Wilson has taken his duties as the new Head of Europol's European Cybercrime Centre (EC3).
European Financial Coalition soon to become permanent project under Europol's European Cybercrime Centre (EC3)
How do we collectively disrupt the business model behind child sexual exploitation? And for payment services and law enforcement, how to track the financial flows in indecent profits and all together prevent children from being used as commodities?