Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) across the globe receive reports of potential child sexual abuse material (CSAM) from the National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC). Companies in the United States like Facebook and Google are required by law to proactively scan their systems for potential CSAM. This results in a huge quantity of NCMEC reports. In 2018, NCMEC's CyberTipline received more than 18 million reports of potential CSAM from US-based companies. The large increase in material every year requires the use of prioritisation tools to swiftly identify children in real danger. The AviaTor project was conceptualised with this purpose in mind.
AviaTor, which stands for Augmented Visual Intelligence and Targeted Online Research, was developed from a research project into a working prototype in just 12 months. By using expert insight gained from extensive interviews with the Dutch and Belgian police, it was possible to establish how to best process NCMEC referrals. As Yves Goethals, Judicial Commissioner with the Belgian Federal Police put it, "AviaTor is a tool that is being built for the future".
In addition, European LEAs were invited to provide input on the current process and comment on its strengths, weaknesses and opportunities through online interviews in exchange for early access to the tool being developed. In total, 16 LEAs provided input. AviaTor has been developed with scalability in mind, with the aim to create a broadly applicable and accepted tool. It is clear that reports of CSAM – from industry, the public and NGOs – are labour-intensive to process. AviaTor aims to develop automation and intelligence to reduce the time spent by LEAs assessing and prioritising reports. The National Police of the Netherlands have been using the first version of the AviaTor tool since December 2019.
Jaap van Oss, Head of Team National CSE Unit in the Dutch National Police, said that "more effective police time and an increase in capacity means more cases handled, more victims rescued, and more offenders caught".
Continuously evolving, the tool is being refined through a process of development, integration and delivery. Through this testing period - which is crucial to ensure the value and success of the project going forward - the Dutch and Belgian police are testing the prototype tool with real reports. However, some countries will not be able to do this, and it is therefore essential to have the support of Europol and INTERPOL in training the classifier with a database of baseline CSAM.
Some LEAs are currently having to use temporary solutions to classify and prioritise cases, which is a short term-fix. AviaTor is the long-term solution for law enforcement with its combination of artificial intelligence techniques to investigate the content of imagery, and the capability to carry out targeted online research to enrich the data with open source information in order to create more actionable intelligence.
The AviaTor Project is funded by the European Union's Internal Security Fund – Police. If you are a LEA representative and are interested in learning more about this project and would like to engage with our partners, please contact us by sending an email to email@example.com.
This article was originally published on the INHOPE website and is reproduced here with permission.