There were 180 such reports in 2018, whereas in the first five months of 2019, this number has already exceeded 500, of which half are about CSAM. Illegal videos or photos are most commonly encountered by persons who are searching for erotic and pornographic materials online. Despite the fact that illegal content has been moved to the "darknet", there is a risk for any user to come across illegal content. Children and adolescents may also be exposed to sexual abuse when using social networks and gaming platforms. For example, sexual predators, pretending to be the same age as the children they are targeting, ask them questions of an intimate nature, ask to send a na-ked photo or video, or send pornographic materials to victims with a purpose of making the child interested in sexual activities.
In order to fight illegal content in Latvia more effectively, three organisations – the Cybercrime Combating Department of the State Police, the SIC coordinated by the Latvian Internet Association and the association "For legal content!" – joined forces and launched the IWOL project, which aims to block Latvian citizens' access to websites which allow visitors to view and download materials containing CSAM. The project has already involved nine major Latvian internet service providers (ISPs) – Baltcom, Bite, Dautkom, Latnet, Tet, LMT, Tele2, Telenet, Telia Latvija.
In less than 11 months, 428,575 attempts to access websites containing CSAM were blocked. It is planned that the project will be joined by other ISP companies, which will prevent their customers from accessing such materials on the internet in the future. The project will also devel-op a "stop notification" that will appear on the screens of users who try to access or download such content, informing them that it is illegal content and that its distribution is punishable. Unfortunately, when people knowingly or unknowingly access this type of content, they often do not realise that uploading and distributing it is a criminal of-fense and punishable conduct.
Internet users are invited to report electronically illegal content hosted on servers in Latvia using the "Report" button on the website Drossinternets.lv or on the mobile ap-plication "Drošs Internets" (which means "safe internet" in Latvian).
Find out more information about the work of the Latvian Safer Internet Centre (SIC) generally, including its awareness raising, helpline, hotline and youth participation services, or find similar information for Safer Internet Centres throughout Europe.