The Netherlands has implemented the European Strategy for a Better Internet for Children (BIK) in a number of different national public policies which directly address BIK-related issues. Relevant policy frameworks include the Kabinets visie or Government vision on Media Literacy (April 2008), the report on Digital Literacy in Secondary Education: Skills and Attitudes for the 21st Century (2013) and the Right to Media Literacy (2014). The Media Act 2008 also contains provisions for the protection of minors against possible harms from audiovisual content.
Policy design is distributed across four to six ministries. Policy design is led at ministerial level in relation to educational policies, tools and regulation for a safer environment and in terms of legislation and law enforcement against child sexual abuse and exploitation with more than one coordinating body or agency. In terms of areas of responsibility, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science oversees media and education related policies, including media literacy; the Ministry of Economic Affairs has responsibility for internet and telecommunication related policies; the Ministry of Security and Justice for online crime related policies; and the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport with responsibility for health issues and cyberbullying. An inter-departmental working group is in place to facilitate coordination between stakeholders. Regular data collection initiatives include: the Monitor Jeugd en Media which takes place every two years and examines how teens use digital media; and the Iene Miene Media research undertaken by the Dutch Media Literacy Network Mediawijzer.net. The research of Kennisnet, SCP and Mediawijzer.net contributes to the design of the new policy on digital literacy in education. Activities of the NICAM/Kijkwijzer are evaluated annually by the Dutch Media Authority.
Delivery of activities related to BIK are jointly shared between relevant government ministries and the Safer Internet Centre (SIC) across most pillars of BIK strategy. NGOs lead in the area of stimulating quality content online for young people (Pillar 1). The Dutch Media Authority/ Commissariaat voor de Media monitors the implementation of the articles in the Media Act that deal with protection of children/minors. The Media Authority also monitors the activities of the NICAM/Kijkwijzer (Dutch Institute for the Classification of Audiovisual Media), that is responsible for Kijkwijzer, an instrument to help parents/educators to protect children/minors by way of indicating age-categories for audiovisual products: TV programmes, cinema films, games, etc. Arrangements for children's participation in the design of public policies related to BIK are available through Digiraad, the advisory board of young people (15-22 years), of the Safer Internet Centre Netherlands (ECP).
Breadth of activities
Breadth of activities outlines progress made in Member States delivering initiatives at the national level. Using the full range of recommendations contained in the BIK strategy, the following tables highlight which actions are supported and whether they have increased, stayed the same or decreased in prominence in the last three years for each of the BIK pillars.